Generally speaking, the term forensic refers to the application of science as it pertains to the collection of evidence for presentation in the court of law. Forensics can be applied to several areas of investigations including photography, the collection of trace evidence, fingerprints, footwear impressions, as well as blood and other bodily fluids. Of crucial importance in any forensic investigation is that the forensic investigator understands what type of impact the end result (the product of the evidence collection) will have in court, regardless of it being inculpatory (incriminating to the defense), or exculpatory (helpful to the defense). The forensic investigator should not be concerned with whose favor the evidence weighs, only that it is relevant and produces an answer to a question that helps us understand who, what, when, where, why, or how the incident occurred. The product of the evidence collection should be presentable to a jury so that a layman (juror) can understand the meaning of the evidence.
The key to successful prosecution, which is the goal in any criminal investigation, is that the forensic investigator establish the integrity of the evidence during the very early stages of the investigation and maintain that integrity as the evidence moves through each phase of processing. In other words, ensuring that the evidence is collected lawfully (within the guidelines of the Fourth Amendment), documented with photographs and/or diagrams, packaged correctly, then transported and retained in a safe location are all factors that apply to evidence integrity. If at anytime the chain of custody of the evidence is not documented or its handling is sloppy, the ability to use the evidence during prosecution can be hampered, and/or the weight of that particular evidence can be dramatically reduced. To learn more about forensic investigations from the National Institute of Justice, click here.
Forletta Investigative/Security Consultant hires only professional forensic investigators who understand the importance of properly handling evidence. We can assist with the processing of all types of forensic evidence including fingerprint examination, identification of bodily fluids, blood stain pattern interpretation, and DNA analysis. Additionally. Forletta will provide the expert testimony needed to support the evidence. If you need help with analyzing and/or interpreting forensic evidence, call Forletta today toll free at 1-877-874-9394.